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While traditional public funding for agricultural research and development (R&D) has stagnated over the past several decades, private companies are financing and performing a growing share of overall food and agricultural R&D. As the agricultural research system continues to evolve, one of the most pressing questions is how to leverage public resources and foster innovation.
Over the past five decades, global agricultural output grew, on average, by 2.24 percent per year. This average, however, masks a slowdown in agricultural output growth in the 1970s and 1980s, after which it re-accelerated in the 1990s and 2000s. In the latest decade (2001-10), global output of total crop and livestock commodities expanded by 2.50 percent per year.
An analysis of the effect of SNAP participation on diet quality yielded mixed results, showing that participants had slightly lower overall diet quality than low-income nonparticipants but better nutritional outcomes for some dietary components.
Despite Improvements in International Food Security, Nutritional Adequacy of Diets Falls Short of Targets in Many Countries
Overall food security in 76 countries showed significant improvement over the past decade, with the number and share of food-insecure people declining sharply. In some countries, however, consumption of fat and protein fell short of the nutritional target, and many people in the lowest income groups were unable to meet the daily target of 2,100 calories per person.
Recent studies by ERS, University of Florida, and Ohio State University researchers agree that Salmonella and Toxoplasma gondii are the first and second most costly foodborne pathogens in the United States in terms of medical care, lost time from work, and losses due to premature death.
Daniel L. Dietrich
Developed by NASA to monitor an astronaut’s physiological state in a long-duration space flight, the Portable Unit for Metabolic Analysis can help doctors more accurately prescribe treatment.
PUMA was designed to monitor a crew’s cardiovascular fitness and other health factors during longer space missions. Read more »
Nano-Optonics Energy added a new dimension to electric wheelchairs with the development of its caterpillar-tracked UNiMO (Unique Mobility) micro electric-vehicle (EV) drivetrain.
Roger Engelke Jr.
Monolithic faceplates developed by SCHOTT are manufactured without using lead additives, thus meeting Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) standards. Applications for the RFG92 fiber-optic faceplates include digital x-ray sensors that integrate CMOS technology. Read more »
Roger Engelke Jr.
CE Mark approval was given to Veniti Inc. for its Vici Venous Stent, which is designed to treat venous obstruction. Read more »
Pavan Srikanth, Siddarth Vijay, and Avinash Vaida
Part 1 of 2: A newly developed real-time monitoring system serves as a communication bridge between caregivers and patients.
In the first of a two-part series, Medical Design reports on the cloud-based architecture that represents the healthcare industry's shift toward smarter, more integr Read more »