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The CIGS PV Value Proposition

CIGS will most likely be the next thin-film photovoltaic technology to take off after cadmium telluride (CdTe), said principal analyst and co-founder at NanoMarkets Lawrence Gasman, at a webinar hosted by NanoMarkets on January 13th. The value proposition being offered by CIGS, Gasman goes on to say, is a balance between the advantages of both crystalline silicon (c-Si), which gives relatively good efficiency, and thin-film PV technologies, which claim potential advantages on cost, flexibility, weight, and manufacturability. Read more »

Amorphous Silicon and Photovolatics

Thin-film photovoltaics (PV) are gaining ground in the currently expanding PV landscape. Currently at 23 percent of the worldwide production, these technologies are set to represent close to 48 percent of the market by 2015, with crystalline silicon (c-Si) making up the rest. Of the thin-film PV technologies, amorphous silicon (and other silicon-based TF materials) represents the majority of the market, followed by cadmium telluride (CdTe) with copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) and others just starting to penetrate the market. Read more »

Materials for Organic Photovoltaics

Until recently, almost all commercially produced solar cells relied on crystalline silicon (c-Si) technology. This technology has been able to deliver adequate conversion efficiency at acceptable costs, which make them suitable for a wide range of applications, such as providing electricity in remote locations that are not served by the electrical power grid. Crystalline silicon does not produce electricity at costs comparable with other electrical power generation sources, however, so it is not yet a competitive solution. Read more »

CIGS Photovoltaics

The benefits of TFPV over crystalline silicon PV, namely the reduced quantity of materials usage, the potential for lower-cost manufacturing techniques, reduced bulk and weight, and flexibility, not to mention reduced sensitivity to the volatile silicon market, promise to make TF modules competitive for the applications now dominated by c-Si, and favorable over c-Si for a wide range of other applications. TFPV is particularly suited to such higher value-added products as building-integrated PV systems and lightweight, portable devices. Read more »

Perspectives on Organic Electronics and Manufacturing

Organic semiconductors represent an important new opportunity in thin film electronic devices. Conjugated organic materials can exhibit semiconducting and optoelectronic functionalities with processing conditions much milder than those used to make crystalline and amorphous inorganic semiconductors. This has allowed the development of several new devices, which can be processed at lower temperature, with greater speed, and with potentially lower cost, than traditional devices in their categories. Read more »

Printed Silver: New Concerns and New Opportunities

In May 2007, NanoMarkets published a well-received report on silver inks and pastes that analyzed and quantified the markets for these materials. We released a new version in April of 2008. However, there have been significant changes in the economics of the silver inks business in the past 8 months and this has led NanoMarkets to publish a new report on the topic providing our analysis of the opportunities and challenges that exist in this business at the present time. Read more »

Prospects for a Thin-Film Manufacturing Equipment Industry

NanoMarkets recently published study, "The Future of Thin Film and Organic Photovoltaics Manufacturing," concludes that by 2015, this sector of the photovoltaics (PV) industry will have a capacity of around 29 GWp and will be spending $4.8 billion on equipment. This suggests important new markets could open up in the thin-film PV (TFPV) sector for equipment firms that currently offer printing machinery or manufacturing equipment sold into the semiconductor and display industry. Read more »

Hybrid Approach to OLEDs

For OLED displays to be competitive with established display technologies like LCD or PDP, they need to be comparable in price to these technologies, at least in the mid-term future. This will require that OLED production be optimized such that it is simple and scalable to enable competitive pricing of the finished product. This is even more important for emerging lighting applications using OLEDs, which directly compete with traditional (and extremely cheap) incandescent or fluorescent light sources. Read more »

Fuels Rev Up Catalyst Demand

The analyzing and quantifying of opportunities for catalysts—including nanocatalysts—used in refining and petrochemicals production, couldn't come at a more relevant time. We find ourselves in a particularly interesting environment today, one that sets the scene for growth and development in the petrochemical catalysts industry. Rapidly growing population in developing countries combined with the demand for cleaner, environmentally friendly technologies, declining access to crude oil, and an economy that requires producers to re-think the way they do things (i.e. Read more »

Sensors and Energy

Sensors appear to have a ready and growing market in the energy sector as devices that can enhance the efficiency of extraction, processing and usage of energy sources of all kinds. They have been widely used in traditional parts of the energy sector for many years, but new opportunities are emerging as the economics of energy is transformed by very high fossil fuel prices and concerns about pollution and climate change. Sensors are also finding new roles in emerging renewable energy systems. Read more »

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